Gas oil is supplied from Hasheminejad oil storage in Mashhad or from Sari oil storage for export to Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is the major importing country of products such as gas oil, hydrocarbon (heavy and light), LPG gas from Iran. Major part of Afghanistan’s revenue comes from customs duties for entry of goods from Iran. Import tariff in this country has changed a lot during the course of time; however, following the objection of Afghan and Iranian businessmen and traders, the Government had to withdraw from his position. Apart from Iran, Turkmenistan is also one of Afghanistan’s oil products supplier. Unfortunately, since Afghanistan is a land-locked country and has no proximity to the International waterways, all import and export activities have to be carried out via land. One of Afghanistan main border is Dogharoon and Mil 78 border terminal.
To purchase oil, gas and other products to the destination of Afghanistan, buyer needs to provide the following documents:
1) Memorandum of Association or Articles of Association of buyer’s company
2) Passport of buyer’s company managing director
3) Certificate of buyer’s financial ability
4) Confirmation letter to be issued by Iranian Consulate
5) Letter of intent for buying the products
Export from Tabriz Petrochemical Co.
Gas oil and other products are basically shipped from Tabriz Refinery to the destinations of Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Georgia, Armenia and Nakhchivan, through the borders of Bashmaq, Nordooz and Bazargan.
The final destinations of gas oil shipped to Kurdistan Region are Sulaymaniyah and Erbil. Due to high production capacity, Tabriz refinery provides a range of diverse products for export, the most important of which are gas oil, LPG, Kerosene and base oil. Tabriz petrochemical products are mainly supplied in the international Ring Energy stock market.
The above-mentioned methods are used for export of products by land, while each and every refinery is designed and launched to cover part of our dear homeland, Iran. There is also export via sea from Iranian official ports. For instance, export from Bandar Abbas, Mahshahr and Khark customs. To export from Iranian ports, first the product in question is declared by the buyer, which is the product loaded from relevant refinery. Then, the concerned refinery issues permission for the buyer’s vessel to be entered into the berth of loading and all costs are settled by the buyer and the buyer is required to load the product within the specified period.
The products of Khuzestan Oil and Gas Development Company are as follows:
1) Gas oil (Gasoline) with an annual capacity of 811 million tons
2) Fuel oil (Mazut) with an annual capacity of 195 million tons
3) Propane with an annual capacity of 1,933,000 tons
4) Normal butane with an annual capacity of 5,150,000 tons
5) Normal pentane with an annual capacity of 1,135,600 tons
6) Isopentane with an annual capacity of 306,000 tons
7) Lead-free super gas with annual capacity of 39 million tons
8) Light naphtha with annual capacity of 7800000 tons
9) Heavy naphtha with annual capacity of 7800000 tons
This complex is based in a very suitable location with good access to waterways, including Karoun, which enables export of the above products. It has to be noted that according to the terms and conditions governing the Iranian oil export, being under sanctions during the recent years, currently the products could be delivered upon buyer’s demand on transship and CFR basis in the buyer’s destination. All purchases are in cash with 10%-20% advance payment and full settlement after loading and cargo delivery.
In view of export to different parts of the world, for each of the products VLGC carriers should be used for example to carry LPG; also, other products must be shipped by their special vessels to various destination. For example, Blending vessels should be used Blending, which is used to mix condensate and crude oil. Due to chemical changes and changes caused by chemical actions and reactions, the color of condensate product may be changed; therefore, quick measures must be taken to deliver the product to the buyer. Condensate is considered as refinery’s primary feedstock, or it is used mixed with crude oil or as a single crop for refinery’s feedstock.